EPoS Contribution
EPoS Contribution
From mass/energy germs to growing celestial objects: the PFO-CFO Theory about the mechanism of the starting steps of star formation

Elena Kadyshevich
IAP/RAS, Moscow, RU
In the PFO-CFO Theory, we take that Space is eternal and infinite and Universe is housed within it. Bearing on the Special Relativity notion of the mass/energy substance duplicity, we take that Space represents the oscillating mass/energy field of a low potential (low density). We state that this infinite field gave the material for Universe origination and development with no big bang and no dark matter. According to the Theory, stars represent knots in this field and mass/energy transforms to matter (electrons, protons, neutrons, atoms, etc.) within them and in their vicinities. Here, we keep in mind the I. Newton-J. Jeans concept of spontaneous formation of heterogeneities in homogeneous space under gravitation and their densification and enlargement up to a definite limit. The germs of celestial objects originate in Space as a result of the mass/energy spacial oscillations. Just Space is "nothing", from which everything is constructed! Origination of the germs gives birth to gravitation. Gravitation is the feature inherent in Space/object systems, objects being all that have boundaries with Space. The germs are growing under the gravitation effect, gain indefinite shapes, spin steadily by the oscillations of Space due to irregularity of their shapes, and are capable of disintegrating with formation of stellar systems or galaxies. The spinning of the disintegrated objects proceeds until they take spherical or almost spherical shape. After that, they spin inertially. The first event of the stellar system formation from a local germ of an indefinite form had led to monodirectional spinning of all (or almost all) objects of this system; this event had induced the spinnings of the neighboring later-formed stellar systems in the same direction, etc. Thus, a majority of the celestial objects spin monodirectionally. Gravitation is not the feature of any object as such. It appears after origination of a germ in Space and changes as this germ transforms up to formation of a stationary galaxy, a stationary stellar system, a stationary star, or another stationary configuration. Thus, gravitation is different in different isolated celestial configurations, depends on their composition, age, and size, and may change with time. Space is heterogeneous relative to the gravitation potential, because gravitation fields of the celestial configurations are infinite and are summed in Space with formation of complicate three-dimensional patterns. As a result of the spacial gravitational heterogeneity, the light speed out of the Solar System is not constant because light interacts with gravitation fields and changes its speed traversing them. The effect of gravitation fields on the light speed is proved by experiments. Einstein's General Relativity and all its consequences are, apparently, incorrect, because the GR is based on the assumption that light propagates everywhere over Space in straight lines and with the constant speed. Just therefore and because of impossibility to discover dark matter for about 70 years, the present cosmology should be revised. We propose a new cosmological theory, and we hope and believe that its open discussion in the format of this EPoS Conference will be of interest and use for all participants of this discussion. We would be very grateful for any criticism of our statements.
V.E. Ostrovskii, NIFHI, RU
Key publication

Suggested Session: From Low- to High-Mass Star Formation