Protostars and Planets VI, Heidelberg, July 15-20, 2013
Formation of multiple terrestrial planets under the influence of a hot Jupiter
Ogihara, Masahiro (Nagoya University)
Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro (Nagoya University)
Kobayashi, Hiroshi (Nagoya University)
According to the hybrid scenario of planet formation (Inutsuka 2009), giant planets can initially form via gravitational instability in a protoplanetary disk, and subsequently terrestrial planets grow on the basis of the core accretion model. In this work, we investigate formation of close-in terrestrial planets from planetary embryos under the influence of a hot Jupiter (HJ) using gravitational N-body simulations that include gravitational interactions between the gas disk and the planet (e.g., type I migration). We find that several planets are formed and captured in mutual mean motion resonances outside the edge of the gap in the disk, which is opened up by the HJ. The innermost planet is also in the 2:1 resonance with the HJ and thus gravitationally interact with each other, leading to inward migration of the HJ. The migration timescale of the HJ depends on the solid amount in the disk; the HJ does not exhibit inward migration in the result of decreased solid density. We can give several possible explanations for the origin of properties of observed close-in exoplanet systems; we propose two possibilities for the lack of companion planets in HJ systems.
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